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Azerbaijani folk dances

  


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The history of folk dances of Azerbaijan is very old. The scenes of dances reflected on Gobustan rock pictures are proof of that. Like in many nations of the world Azerbaijanis also had as first dances the ritual and hunting dances. 
Beginning since early the medieval centuries various types of folk dances began to form. 
Azerbaijani folk dances are very colorful from the viewpoint of themes and these types are – labor, ceremony, household, heroism, sport, chorus game (e.g. “Yallı”, “Halay”) etc. For terms of continuation, richness of the rituals and colorful the marriage ceremony is most important. 
Azerbaijani folk dance as a rule  consists of 3 parts: the 1st part is speedy,  dance on circle; the 2nd part is lyrical, as if the dancer frees on spot (“dances slowly”), the body is sharp and is strong and proud; the 3rd part – again dance on circle, ceremonial and with big emotional ardour. The dances of male and female shaprly differ from each other. The development of female dance is conditioned with costumer: long skirt defined the tender movement of feet, the dance is focused entirely on used technique of upper parts of arm and corpse (shoulder, head, mimics of face etc).The main feature of male dance is technique of feet. The dancer stands quickly on the tiptoe, and goes down ion knees, etc. 
The musical volume of Azerbaijani dances is – 6/8 and 3/4. Dances are mainly performed by folk dance people dances: the trio of zournas (2 zourna və sazanda trios), these dances are accompanied by (tar, kamancha) etc.

Most spread folk dances are:
Abayı
Alçagulu
Asma Kasma 
Asta Qarabaghi
Avarı
Ay beri bakh (Hey, look at me)
Azerbaijan 
Banovsha (Violet) 
Birilliant 
Çhalpapaq
Jamyşh bagha girdi (The buffalo entered the garden)
Chattadı
Chahribeyim
Jangi 
Jeyrani
Chit tuman
Darchini
Dartma, yakham cyrildy – Don’t pull me, my shirt is torn
Dasmalı
Anzali 
Gelin atlandı – bride on horse
Gelin getirme – bride bringing
Gelin havası – bride tune 
Gulgaz (dance)
Gulmeyi
Heyvagulu
İki arvadlı – with two wives
İnnabı 
Kechi mamasi –goat breast  
Kendiri
Kasme
Koroghlu 
Koroghlu’s  return
Lala - Tulip 
Mirvari – Pearl 
Mirzayi
Misri
Mujassama
Naznazı
Pahlavanı
Gaytaghy
Gazaghy
Gitqilda
Gızılgul 
Gizlar bulaghi- maiden spring 
Gochali
Gofta 
Rangi
Shahsevani
Shalakho
Samukh 
Sarybash –Yellow head 
Sheki
Samani 
Tamara 
Tarakama
Toy reqsi -Wedding dance
Turajy
Uch badam, bir goz – Three almonds, one walnut 
Uzundara
Vaghzaly
Velachola
khalabajy
Khanchobany
Yallı
Yerli reqs –Local dance
Yuz bir- one hundred one
Zoghaly 



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