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The literature has specific regulations, principles, that the science learning it called study of literary. The science about literature, i.e. study of literary has the following areas: history of literature, literary theory and literary criticism.

The history of literature studies the literature of this or any other nation or nations, or the stages of development of world literature. As the history of literature is closely connected with the history of the nation created it, the literary historians study the history of nation\'s literature as a part of the literary-artistic creativity of the nation. In the history of literature the life of the individual writers, creativity is also studied.

The literary theory studies the essence of literature, similar and distinguishing features with other areas of art, methods and the principles of creativity, literary types, genres and structure of literary works, language and style features etc.  Unlike to historian of literature the literary theorist does not satisfy just with applying to experience of the history and thinks on modern literary success, future creative possibilities as well.

The Literary criticism deals with the contemporary literary process. Critics determines the value of emerging literature, and evaluates separate literary and artistic samples, creativity of writers, makes generalization, helps readers to understand the contemporary literary process. The founder of the Literary Criticism of Azerbaijan is considered M.F.Akhundov.
The literary criticism had always directly influenced the development of literature in all periods and played an important role in this development. Any literary type, any creative art product needs analysis and all that we said is a task of literary criticism. The objective literary criticism has particular significance in the process of literary creativity. Critic is a high skilled reader. Critical opinion, in general, literary analysis, besides contributing to formation of literary taste, defines the criteria of evaluation of artistic works. 
Unlike the literary historian, theorist critic coordinates the science with creative experience, establishes understanding, liaison between writer and the reader.
F. Kocharli, S. Mumtaz, F. Gasimzade, H. Arasli, M. Tahmasib, J. Khandan, B. Nabiyev, Y. Garayev and others outstanding scientists played a major role in the development of Azerbaijani study of literature. 



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