» Contemporary Turkic languages
Contemporary Turkic languages
The classification of famous expert in Turkic philology N.A.Baskakov is very spread among classification of other Turkic languages. N.A.Baskakov had traced attentively the historical development stages of Turkic languages and had divided it into two groups by classifying changes at these stages:
1) western Hunic group languages;
2) Eastern Hunic group languages.
Western Hunic group includes in self four language families:
1. Bulgar group: ancient bulgar, ancient Khazar and Chuvash languages.
2. Oghuz group is divided in semi groups of oghuz-turkmen (ancient oghuz, turkmen and turukhmen languages), oghuz-bulgar (ancient pecheneg, uz and Gagauz languages) and oghuz-seljuq (Seljuq, ancient Ottoman, Azerbaijan and Turkish languages).
3. Kipchaq group. This group includes 3 semi groups: semi groups of kıpchaq-polovetz (ancient kipchaq, kuman or polovetz, Karaim, Karachai-balkar, Crimean tartars and kumuk languages), kıpchaq-bulgar (literary language of Golden Horde (Kyzyl Orda), bashkird and tartar languages) and kıpchaq-nogai (Kipchaq dialects of nogai, Karakalpag, Kazakh and Uzbek languages).
4. Karluq group. This language family divided in Karluq-uighur and karluq-Kharazm semi groups and includes some ancient (language of Karakhanlılar state, language of Kyzyl Orda (eastern), Chagatay, ancient Uzbek) and two modern (Uzbek and new uighur languages).
Eastern Hunic group includes two big languages family – uighur-oghuz and kyrkyz- kıpchaq languages family. Uighur-oghuz family includes three languages group: uighur-tukyuy (language of Orkhon-Yenisey monuments, ancient oghuz language, ancient uighur language, Tuva and karaqas languages), yakut (yakut language) and khakas (khakas, shor, kamasin, kuyerik, chulym-tartar languages) group.
Kyrgyz –kipchaq group includes ancient Kyrgyz, Altai and Kyrgyz languages.